There is a story behind the cancellation of the “black history” of deep roaming fees

    “Well, don’t say anymore, I wander here, the phone bill is very expensive, and I’ll hang it …” Probably many friends who have already gone out have said the same thing. ۔ Although there have been negligible operating costs of roaming, roaming charges are domestic mobile phone users must and the correlative would have. Household roaming charges have been used by mobile phone users for more than 20 years, hence the “fossil free”. Now, the end-user has absolute good news.

    The Fifth Meeting of the Twelfth National People’s Congress stood in the Great Hall of the People at 9 am on March 5. Should be canceled during, and SME Internet access to dedicated line access will be significantly reduced. , Reduce international calling charges. Promote the in-depth development of “Internet +”, accelerate the growth of the digital economy, and benefit businesses and the general public.

   Earlier last year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said it would lead businesses to focus on the needs of consumers who have access to the local phone, long-distance, and dynamic pricing (Changmin Integrated City) packages. Not used, and will set up a tariff plan to speed up the cancellation of roaming charges. In response, domestic operators have begun responding to calls for a “rapid increase and reduction of fees and canceling long-distance roaming fees.”

Review career events

    China Telecom Group Chairman Yang Ji announced on July 15, 2016, that the company will gradually eliminate long-distance roaming charges this year, and convert full traffic charges, ie, calls and text messages into traffic and consistent billing. Will make progress in implementing it.

    On August 12, 2016, China Mobile CEO Li Yu told the interim results conference that the sale of new packages, including long-distance roaming charges, has been discontinued since July, and all long-distance roaming by the end of this year The packages will be canceled, which in the future will gradually promote national integration. Tariff package

    At the China Unicom 2016 Interim Results Conference on August 18, 2016, China Unicom Chairman Wang Xiao revealed that from October 1, China Unicom will cancel long-distance domestic and roaming charges.

 Knowing that the core packages of the three major operators have canceled long-distance roaming charges and imposed unified national billing, it is expected that all three operators will completely cancel the fees by the end of this year. ۔ However, due to various user scales in the development process, there are still some long-distance roaming fees left for online users. For example, some operators have launched an 18-month monthly subscription package for campus student groups, which requires roaming charges over long distances. Some users have reported that switching from a 2G package to a 4G package increases the packaging threshold and increases the average monthly communication costs. However, with “domestic long-distance cancellation and roaming charges for mobile phones in the government’s work report”, I believe all three major domestic operators will soon be “widespread” in canceling roaming charges. Will start

Digging in on roaming fee history

    Mobile roaming charges are 2G output. This was posted in 1994, “Notes on Stabilizing Mobile Phone Management and Adjusting Mobile Phone Charge Standards”, issued by the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications, which provides mobile phones per minute An automated roaming fee of 0.6 yuan was required. In  2008, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology imposed that the caller had a maximum domestic roaming call fee of 0.6 yuan per minute.

Why charge a roaming fee?

    At that time, China’s mobile communications industry growth in the eastern and western regions was uneven, and the Eastern region was significantly better than the central and western regions in terms of network resources, number of users, and tariff competition. In a low-cost scenario, it is possible to get lower rates in the East than in the West. In this way, to ensure that mobile telecommunications companies in the West region support local high cost. To gain revenue, the use of large-scale long-term off-site use in the Western Region in the Eastern region is a must. Therefore, China has established “roaming fees” similar to the rates of mobile phones used in different regions. The aim is to artificially isolate markets in different regions and protect the revenue of mobile communications companies in the West so that they can raise funds and build networks faster.

Roaming fees are a legacy issue

    Household roaming charges are primarily a history issue. In the history of operators, the production of the Internal Regional Division, the roaming charges are more and more likely to be settled between provincial branches. In the past, operators operated based on provinces and even province-level cities, and the costs between branches were independently determined in each province. Because there is no technical cost, the current costs of moving within the operator are mainly labor costs and internal accounting costs.

    Currently, three major operators in China have realized the overall accounting cost of the entire group, and domestic roaming charges do not require more investment than local calls. The roaming fee of “painting the ground as a prison” not only costs consumers high-cost inter-regional communication, but also a backward enterprise operation methodology that is linked to the old management form.

“Cap control”

    To prevent operators from charging excessive domestic roaming call charges for mobile phones, the Ministry of Information Industry imposed “cap control” on mobile roaming charges in September 2005, in the wake of growing social doubts. Mobile roaming call charge limit set. : The roof of the prepaid service is 0.80 yuan / min, and the second roof is 0.60 yuan / min. The original intention was to encourage operators to reduce fees through competition, reduce prices, not raise prices, and cancel cancellations, but the effect was fruitful. In addition to the package, both China Mobile and China Unicom receive maximum cap-based domestic roaming call charges.

    In March 2007, the Ministry of Information Industry included the issue of domestic mobile phone roaming charges in 2007 as one of the eight major tasks of telecommunication tariff management. In 2008, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued a notice regarding the completion of the maximum domestic roaming call fee fee for mobile phones, stating that the domestic roaming call fee was 0.6 yuan per minute for the cap calling party. Is.

Household roaming costs less than 5 cents

    Technically, mobile roaming costs nothing. In 2007, a representative of the National People’s Congress, Tao Yisheng, presented “recommendations on canceling mobile roaming charges”, claiming that it could only send some computer-generated messages to the network. Required and easier than ordinary email, and the price is almost zero.

    Domestic roaming is a matter of occupation. In the telecommunication network, each user must have a set of dynamic data, which is used to mark the user’s attributes, revenue, etc. This data set is available on the local server. When the user is talking elsewhere, the local network needs to be adjusted by the user. Only this set of data can be used to provide services. The network element required for this recovery process is the basic cost of roaming charges. On January 22, 2008, the Information Industry and Development and Reform Commission convened a hearing to reduce maximum domestic roaming call charges for mobile phones. Based on the “Mobile Communication Roaming Charge Call Pricing Cost Report”, the cost of domestic roaming calls was less than 5 cents to 0.0485 yuan / min.

Why is the domestic roaming fee not canceled?

    It is understood that from a technical point of view, there is no major problem in achieving complete cancellation of domestic roaming / long-distance tool projects; in addition market departments need to redesign and forecast the new package. Also, it is important to change the parameters in the system. So, why haven’t domestic roaming charges been completely canceled? (Represent personal opinion only)

1. The policy will affect the market order

    It is reported that the roaming fee charged by operators is partly related to the level of revenue and purchase in different parts of China. Some insiders have revealed that if roaming charges are canceled across the country, this could lead to ugly competition within operators different Due to different local policies, the cost of selling phone cards in different locations can be attributed to the market order. Can affect

2. Severe loss of income

    It is understood that according to data provided by China Mobile, as of February 29, 2016, the total number of mobile users of China Mobile Group reached 831 million, of which about 4 314 million were 2G users, While China Unicom and Telecom’s mobile services were based on 3G and four. Cancel significant national roaming charges, operators will lose big revenue.

3. “Bug adjustment”

    The revenue standards for each province are based on local economic development and consumer consumption levels. If roaming charges are canceled nationwide, that means there is no difference in the number used by provinces across the country. Then, in economically developed areas, low fee numbers can also be used, and the pressure on operators will be high. Also, if roaming charges are canceled nationwide, the management standards of the operators’ provincial companies, calculation of revenue, promotion methods and performance evaluation should also be adjusted accordingly.

4. The ”  problem  ” in particular

    Currently, there are three major telecommunications operators listed companies in China. Although he has accepted the responsibility of providing universal telecommunication services, the fundamentals of the listed companies are responsible for the shareholders, speak on a performance basis, and there is no change in the market conditions. Should. Whether canceling roaming charges is a matter of telecommunication companies based on enterprise development needs, combining customer needs and interest concerns, and optimization costs.

How to charge roaming charges in other countries:

There are no roaming charges in Japan

    In Japan, call charges and data charges are the two areas that Japanese mobile phone users pay a lot of attention to. However, there is no extra charge for domestic voice roaming or data roaming in Japan. Also in Japan there are also numerous discounts for mobile phone charges. Smartphone users can also enjoy the care policy.

Korea Call / SMS Free

    In South Korea, to welcome the arrival of smartphones, major operators in South Korea have launched a mobile based mobile phone packages. Voice and SMS services are becoming an additional free service to attract more customers. Korean mobile communications consumer services are slowly in progress. Then the change to the central data package, nowadays, free call and text messaging services have gradually become popular in South Korea.

In June this year, the European Union completely canceled roaming fees

    EU has decided to cancel mobile roaming charges between member states from June 2017. From April 30, 2016, the EU began adjusting mobile phone roaming charges in member countries to reduce one-fourth of the original. Based on domestic prices, call roaming charges dropped from 0.19 euros per minute to 0.05 Euros are done. SMS roaming fees were reduced from 0.06 euros to 0.02 euros, and traffic roaming fees were reduced from 0.2 euros per trillion to 0.05 euros.

No roaming charges in the US

    Four major carriers in the United States, T&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, and Sprint, guarantee roaming services in various areas. The four major operators have roaming mutual waiver agreements, so they do not charge customers for roaming fees. Also, many users have access to the network, and some operators even offer free roaming services in North America, although even though roaming fees are not charged in the United States, the cost is higher. urzyun low monthly rental package and bundle the iPhone 6s  provide the source, for example, the two-year contract probably around during this period. It will cost 1,700.

Write at the end

Roaming charges “in  name only  “

    Since 2015, the three major operators have begun avoiding roaming charges in a number of new packages. Under the billing structure of the “Long Marketman”, roaming charges have become the “real name” in many consumers. Take China Telecom as an example. At the end of 2015, China Telecom launched several new 4G packages for different user groups. The common point of these packages is that they cancel long-distance roaming charges nationwide. And receive the same long distance, local call and roaming charges. Standard.

Operators need immediate service upgrades

    With the growing popularity of smart devices, more and more social communication services have entered the market, and free networks are everywhere, and a large number of users are migrating to free or cost-effective social communication applications. Is doing the appearance of this situation has prevented telecom operators from increasing revenue for short message services, and has led operators to profitability concerns.

    During the 7 days of the Spring Festival holiday this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology reported that the number of mobile text messages sent nationwide was 11.6 billion, a decrease of 16.9 percent year-over-year. The total length of calls was 64.7 billion minutes, a decrease of 11.8 percent year on year. On New Year’s Eve, 3.19 billion short messages were sent, a decrease of 32.8%. The tenant official figures, on the eve of New Year 2017  to send and receive video chats the total number of red envelopes has reached 14.2 billion, an increase of 75.7% compared to 8.08 billion at the 2016 year Wind, and the peak cost of sending and receiving reaches 760,000 per second. In the participants of Alpine’s “Five Lucky Red Envelopes” program, 168 million people gathered at Woohoo.

    The above data generally show that Chinese New Year greetings have become the main method of Chinese New Year greetings, and the proportion of traditional Chinese New Year greetings through phone and SMS is decreasing. ۔ In addition to the Spring Festival holidays, network communications have replaced most traditional telephone and text messages on weekdays. It is not difficult to see that the popularity of social applications is affecting the operator’s business, and operators need immediate service upgrades.

    In general, roaming charges over long distances for basic telecommunications services in the Sound era are an outdated billing method. Transforming telecommunications operators into their own business is inevitable.

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