Today in History – Glens Falls Post-Star

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On July 16:

1557 — Anne of Cleves, who was briefly the fourth wife of England’s King Henry VIII, died in London at age 41. 1790 — A site along the Potomac River was designated the permanent seat of the United States government; the area became Washington, D.C. 1862 — Flag Officer David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the United States Navy. 1935 — The first parking meters were installed in Oklahoma City. 1945 — The United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb in the desert of Alamogordo, New Mexico; the same day, the heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis left Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California on a secret mission to deliver atomic bomb components to Tinian Island in the Marianas. 1951 — The novel “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger was first published by Little, Brown and Co. 1957 — Marine Corps Maj. John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record by flying a Vought F8U Crusader jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8.4 seconds. 1964 — As he accepted the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater declared that “extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice” and that “moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.” 1969 — Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon. 1973 — During the Senate Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly revealed the existence of President Richard Nixon’s secret taping system. 1980 — Former California Gov. Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Detroit. 1999 — John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts. 2002 — The Irish Republican Army issued an unprecedented apology for the deaths of “noncombatants” over 30 years of violence in Northern Ireland. 2007 — Declaring a “moment of choice” in the Middle East, President George W. Bush said he would call Israel, the Palestinians and others in the region to a peace conference. (The summit took place in November 2007.) 2007 — A man carrying a gun and declaring “I am the emperor” was shot and killed by a state trooper outside the offices of Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter. (The man was identified as 32-year-old Aaron Snyder.) 2007 — A 6.8-magnitude earthquake on Japan’s northwest coast killed 11 people and caused radioactive leaks at the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant. 2012 — North Korea announced a reshuffling of its military, dismissing its army chief — a key mentor to young ruler Kim Jong Un — and promoting a little-known general to an important position in the million-man force. 2012 — Singer Kitty Wells, whose hits such as “Making Believe” and “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels” made her the first female superstar of country music, died at age 92. 2016 — Republican presidential nominee-apparent Donald Trump formally introduced his running mate, Mike Pence, during an event in New York, hailing the Indiana governor as his “first choice” and “my partner in the campaign” a day after announcing the selection on Twitter. 2016 — Basketball Hall of Famer Nate Thurmond, 74, died in San Francisco. Country singer Bonnie Brown, 77, died in Little Rock, Arkansas. Thought for Today: “There is a tendency to mistake data for wisdom, just as there has always been a tendency to confuse logic with values, intelligence with insight.”— Norman Cousins, American author and journalist (1915-1990)